The Raymond Family
Born 1555, in Languedoc, Roussillon, France
(no known wife)
Born 1585 in Languedoc, Roussillon, France
(no known wife)
Born 1605 in Languedoc, Roussilon, France
Wife : Catherine Rascacoune 1615 France
Antoine Pierre Raymond
10-14-1635 Languedoc, Roussillon, France
Wife : Charlotte Petit 1639 France
Francois Raymond Ratier
1662 Roussillon, France
Wife: Marie Mercadier 1666 Quebec
Antoine Francois Raymond Ratier
8-28-1724, Trois Rivieres, Quebec
Wife: Josephete Coltret 4-3-1729 Canada
Jean Baptiste Raymond
4-13-1759 Quebec, Canada
Wife :Marie Antoinette Dumas
5-8-1766, Quebec, Canada
NOTE Marie Antoinette was the
granddaughter of Marie Magdeleine Panis
a Meskwaki tribal member. see Chauvette
Simon Ratier Raymond
1796 in Lower Canada
Wife : Issabelle Richard (no dob)
Joseph Eusebe / Eusele Raymond
1836 Quebec Canada
Wife ; Elmire Provost 1836, Quebec
1858 Quebec, Canada
Wife : Mary (no last name)
1900, Quebec, Canada
Wife : Clarenne Bernaquez
Born Quebec, Canada
Roland Wilfred Raymond
June 1, 1925 - january 14, 1982
Born in Sprague Connecticut
WIfe : Anita Depres, born 1929
in Hanover Connecticut
Lorenzo "Lonnie" Rolland Raymond
September 13, 1947 - November 1989
Born in Norwich, Connecticut
Wife : Joan Bacak, born 1949 in
Los Angeles Ca
1979 Norwich, Connecticut
Wife : Danielle Lenn
Marie Magdeleine Panis Chauvette
Who is this woman that I have devoted a section to? She was a member of the Meswaki nation
born in 1697 and was what the french called esclave(slave). This was sort of shocking to hear when I first reseached her. For one thing...My fathers family had always expressed their "French-ness" if you will. In other words they were proud of their french heritage. Proud to be 100% french. Or so I thought.
How I found her was almost luck. I decided to do some searching into some of my distant ancesters wifes. Why not right? They deserve acknowlegment too. They are just as important as the men that carry the name.
So I started with Jean Baptiste. Born April 13, 1759 in Quebec, Canada. He was married to a Marie Antoinette Dumas. Born May 8, 1766. Marie's parents were Jean Baptiste Dumas, Born in Nuevelle France(Quebec, Canada) on Febuary 13, 1733. He was married to Ursele Chauvette. She was born
in Nicolet Quebec in March of 1732. Ursele's parents were Pierre Chauvette, born May 25, 1689, and Marie Magdeleine Panis. Born sometime in 1697 on the Meswaki nation in Wisconsin.
Now this caught my eye for no other reason but for the fact someone in my family was born in the US before 1700. Of course I later found out that Marie Magdeleine was a native american woman of the Meswaki tribe. She was what the French called "esclave" Slave. She lived with the Renarde family and as the story tells it she fell in love with a Pierre Chauvette. They eventually ran away together and Pierre paid off the family for her freedom. They had many children including my Ursele.
I did some googling of the Meswaki tribe. What I found amoung other things that they have a casino, much like the local natives of Connecticut. I do not know their exact profitability, but I assume they are doing better than generations past. I would hope this is the case. I also found out that in order to be a recognized tribal member of the Meswaki tribe your father has to be a active tribal member. So basically being part of the tribe is not in your blood line, but in your way of life. Living native. Being native. I can respect that.
Languadoc, Roussillon France
The Despres Side
Anita's (my grandmother) grandfather's (Pierre Albert Despres) world war 1 draft card. It stated that he was born April 3, 1880 and was from Quebec Canada, living in Baltic Connectcut and his nearest relative was his mother Marie Ann Despres.
Marie Anns maiden name was "Beachier". I found that Pierre was living in Jewett City Connecticut at the time of Rolland's (his son) arrival in the U.S. So for a while I was just looking in the wrong area. He obviously moved and was living in baltic. Anita, my grandmother was born in Hanover. eventually I found a link that took me all the way to France, but there are many people along the way for me to mention.
The Despres pedigree line
To make this easier to understand I will start this family tree from the present back in time. This will be easier to follow.
Born April 2, 1929
Rolland Despres Albina Despres
July 1, 1900 Quebec June 12, 1902 Ct U.S.
April 28, 1969 July 1, 1984
Norwich, Ct Hanover Ct
Pierre Albert Depres (no known mother)
April 3, 1880 Quebec
(no death listed)
Pierre Despres Marie Ann Beachier
1849 Quebec October 1856 Quebec
April 12, 1910 June 25, 1888. Maine
Pierre Despres Margurite Beauregard
Aug 26, 1816 1814, Bogat, Quebec
Wedon Quebec (no death listed)
Nov 27, 1856
Pierre Emmanual Francoise Robichaud
Couillard/Despres 1782, Lislet Quebec
1770, Lislet Quebec May 6, 1858
1853. St Hyacinthe St Hyacinthe Quebec
Emmanual Couilard Elisabeth Dupolo Duval
Nov 3, 1738, June 16, 1749,
Lislet Quebec Lislet Quebec
Jan 7, 1819 (no known death)
Jean Baptiste Couillard Reine Caron
Dec. 26, 1705 Jan. 6, 1711
Quebec, Canada Lislet, Quebec, Canada
Feb. 25, 1797 Sept. 7, 1782
Lislet Quebec, Canada
Jacques Couillard Elisabeth Lemiex
June 5, 1665 Feb. 2, 1672
Quebec, Canada Quebec, Canada
August 24, 1737 August 29, 1739
Quebec, Canada Quebec, Canada
Louis Couillard Genevieve Despres
May 18, 1629 1639
Sept. 24, 1678 May 11, 1706
Guillaume Couillard Guillemette Hebert
Bretagne France France
May 4, 1663 Oct. 20, 1684
Andre Couillard Jehanne Basset
1560 Jan 19, 1591
St Malo, Normandie Normandie France
(no death date) (no death date)
Jean Guillaume Couillard Heriette Boullain
1530 Feb. 6, 1540
Normandie France France
( No death date) (no death date, listed as in the
Kingdom of France)
Jean Louis Collard Marie Joseph Gilot
(no birth date) 1500 Numar Belgium
1530 France 1530 France
Antonie Collard Marie Joseph Huet
1440 1445, Numar Belgium
May 7, 1448 Belgium
Footnote of Guillaume Couillard...
Guillaume Couillard was born in Fance in 1591 and was believed to be one of the original settlers of Quebec. He was a personal friend of Samual Champlain and was willed land to him in Champlains will. Before that, Couillard was also given 100 acres of land by King Louis XIV
He married Guillemette Herbert, daughter of Louis Hebert, and Marie Rollet. Louis also willed land to Guillaume. There is a statue of him on the land that Lious and Guillaume owned. There is also a street in Quebec named after him.
Born 1652 in Saint Laurent Parish in Paris, France. Rene Provost was the son of Nicolas
Provost and Ann St Amond. He is noted in the page below as a French Nobleman. This may explain his lengthy trail of travel. as stated he was born in Paris, traveled to Quebec and that is where he and his wife Ann Daudelin had their children, Marie Ann, Pierre( my 7X great grandfather), Marie Angelique, Francois, and Rene.
Rene later traveled to the eastern coast of Africa to the island of Mauritius in the Indian ocean. First colonized by the ducth, the french later took it over and established sugar plantations with the slave labor from Africa. Rene Lived his last days on this island.
Who Were the Raymonds of Languedoc?
(my 8th great grandfather)
In order to understand who the Raymonds were, you have to look at where they came from. Languedoc. Occitania. An area of land with so much history I don't know where to begin. First off, they have cave paintings in Occitania that date back 30,000 years. 600 bc the greeks established colonies and vineyards. 60 BC the Romans establish towns such as Nimes. 300 AD the Visigoths invaded. 700 ad the Moors invaded. One hundred years later the Franks invaded and took over the Languedoc. During medieval times the land was ruled by the Counts of Toulouse known as the Raymondines. Establishing the Occitan language. This is where"Languedoc" comes from. "Language of the Oc". These Counts, the Raymondines ruled since the first crusades of Jerusalem. Ramon IV established the county of Tipoli just north of Jerusalem. Before the crusades he fought in Spain pushing the Moors out of Europe where he
lost one of his eyes. The county of Tripoli was passed down from Raymond to Raymond until the muslims took it over. Raymond III was the Count at the time of the invasion of Tripoli by the muslims. Raymod VI was the Count of Toulouse at the time of the crusades against the Cathars.
Quote From : http://www.cathar.info/1206_crusade.htm
"The Albigensian Crusade was a Crusade against the people of the Languedoc which began in 1208. It is also known as the Cathar Crusade. Like all crusades it was a war, declared by the Pope, ( Innocent III), backed by the Roman Church with promises of remission of sins and a guranteed place in heaven. Why is it called the Albigensian Crusade rather than the Cathar Crusade? In order to answer this, it is important to remember that Cathar is only of many names the Roman Church invented for members of this particular brand of Gnostic Dualism. Among many other names, they were called Albigensians, from the (probably erroneous) belief that they were concentrated in the town of Albi. The term Cathar has become the standard term for them only in recent times.
At Montsegur roughly 225 men, women and children were burned alive. There are historical records that show 65 of the names that parished that day. 8 out of the 65 were Raymonds. Though Raymond VI was not a cathar, he sympothized with their plight, and was punished for doing so. was the fall of the Raymondines as well.
My belief is that the Raymonds that I am related to may be related to the Counts of Toulouse, or related to the parished cathars of the Languedoc. Or both.... I have tried to research where the surname Raymond comes from, but nothing seems to fit this particular line of Raymonds. There are many versions of Raymond Another quote from http://www.midi-france.info/
" the Counts were named Ramon, an Occitan name which is the same in modern Spanish, more familiar as Raymond in English and Raimond in French".
I am the third generation of Raymonds born in the United States. My great grandfather Lorenzo Raymond was born in Drummondville, Quebec in 1900. He moved the to US in 1924 and had his first and only child, Roland Wilfred Raymond in 1925. Lorenzo, his wife Clarenne(Bernaquez), and his son Roland lived on River street, and then on Main street in Baltic Connecticut. Roland grew up in Baltic.
He was either born with, or developed polio as a child and had use of only one arm yet managed to get
his pilots license and then had it taken away for flying it under the Baltic bridge. He married Anita Despres, also from Baltic, Connecticut. Anita was born in 1929, daughter of Roland and Albina Despres. Roland and Anita had three children. Lorenzo Roland Raymond (my father) in 1947. Also brother Gerard, and sister Darlene.
From the port of Montreal immigration records of Joseph Raymond entering the US with
his son Lorenzo, his daughter Antoinette, and two others. Leo, and Aleric Raymond.Possible
cousins of Lorenzo.
Francois Raymond Ratier was the first Raymond (of my family) born in North America. born in 1695 in Champlain, Quebec, and dying in 1778 in Nicolet, Quebec. This will start a long line of Raymonds born in Nicolet. Not exclusively,
but many Raymonds were born there. Francois' father was also Francois, but he is not listed as a Raymond, how ever his father Pierre Antoine was a Raymond. It seems to me that Raymond and Ratier's are linked back and forth as the family tree below will show.
Raymond IV of Toulouse. Leader of the first crusades of Jerusalem.
The following video is a view of Languedoc, France. The origin of the Raymond Family
surname, found in England and France, derives from the Old Norman/French personal name "Raimund", "Raimond" or the Old Germanic personal name "Raginmund", which is composed of the Germanic elements "ragin", counsel and "mund", protection. English variants of the surname include Raymont, Rayment and Raiment. The personal name is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Raimundus" in Essex and "Reimundus" circa 1121 - 1148, in Suffolk, according to the Feudal Documents from the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. The surname first appears in the late 11th Century (see below). One William Reimunt was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Hampshire, in 1207, and the Pipe Rolls of Kent list an Ernald Reimund in 1208. Sir Thomas Raymond (1627 - 1683) became a judge on the exchequer bench in 1679 and later was knighted and transferred to the common pleas and King's bench. Robert Raymond (1673 - 1733) Lord Chief Justice of the King's bench was granted a Coat of Arms, which depicts a chevron between three gold eagles, with a rose between two red fleur-de-lis on a red chief, all on a black shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Giraldus Reimundus, which was dated 1086, in the "Domesday Book of Essex", during the reign of King William 1st, known as "William the Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Raymond paternal pedigree
Lorenzo "Lonnie" Raymond
Royal "Gateway" Ancestor
A gateway ancestor is a link through your liniage that relates you to someone of interest.
Usually Royal ancestry. In this case you could say this is the Raymonds Gateway to
First, Jean Baptiste Raymond Married Josephette Coltret, the daughter of Pierre Coltret and Marie Louise Therrien. Marie Louise"s parents were Jean Baptiste Therrien,
and Marguerite Laspron. Jean Baptiste was the son of one of the most contraversial
women in New France. The daughter of Elie Rigaud and Suzan Gugast, Judith Rigaud
was born in 1633 in Saintonge, France. One of the first few "Kings Daughters" to come to new france she was decendant of the Royal House of Rohan through her Mothers Gugast
side. her mother died when Judith was just about 17 and she then went on to New France. There is a great website and book "the musket and the cane" that documents
Judiths ups and downs in the colony.
"There is some controversy as to whether this Jean Therrien (also spelled Terrien) carried the nickname of dit Duhaime (so that his full name would be Jean Therrien dit Duhaime).
Official city records of Dieppe, France describe him as both Jean Terrien and:
"DUHEMME ou Duhaime, Jean dit Terrien-Laplanche, né à Saint-Jacques de Dieppe, de Jean et de Marie Elie, épousa, le 26 janvier 1667 , aux Trois-Rivières, Judith Rigaud. 3 enfants."
Therrien was a native of Saint-Jacques de Dieppe in France (1644-1675) and twelve years Judith's junior.29 He agreed to live with, and support, the six surviving Lemaistre children. They were married at Trois-Rivières.
On November 6, 1667, they had a first child together, Dominique, but he died soon after birth. Records show that the infant was buried in December of the same year.
Retrieving the comfort and financial security of days past would be a long struggle for Judith. Trois-Rivieres court records show that in February 13, 1668, she was unable to pay an invoice for wheat received. Her financial distress culminated in the summer of 1668 when she was sued, again, before the court of the Conseil souverein in Trois-Rivieres (painting of the Conseil Souverain by C. Huot). Curiously, and again showing how personal and litigious relationships often overlapped in New France, one of the petitioners against her was La Rochelle merchant and husband of Charles' godmother, Arnault Péré.
According to court records, Judith argued that she had contracted the debts while totally unaware of her husband's death and fully expected to return to a prospering business. She told the court that she returned to Trois-Rivieres only to find that most of their property had been seized or stolen and that she had used what little was left to settle a number of the more pressing debts. At present, she said, she had barely enough left to support her children and was in a state of very great poverty.30
The petitioners were not impressed. They told the court that Rigaud still possessed a number of items of considerable value which she refused . to sell or part with, including a bed:
" ... evaluated at five hundred pounds and sumptuous clothes, and that she bartered merchandise with the Indians for which she has fine hides, which she hid so as to defraud them of their just due."
The court sympathized with Judith Rigaud and granted her a three year reprieve. Judith was pregnant even as the court judgment was being read. Jean Terrien (1669-1759) was born in Trois-Rivieres on March 17, 1669.
In the fall of 1670, Jean Therrien left on a trading expedition, leaving behind Judith, who was pregnant again. But Jean Therrien dit Duhaime never returned from his expedition. It is assumed he died accidentally during the trip.
And so, Judith Rigaud was a widow again and on April 5, 1671, she gave birth to her last child, Louis-Michel Duhaime dit Terrien. The Trois-Rivieres civil registry records the birth of Louis-Michel as illegitimate even though the father's name was included in the record of baptism as Jean Duhaime. One historian speculates that because the father Jean Duhaime was more commonly known in his lifetime as Jean Therrien, the newly arrived priest, Hilarion Guerin erroneously concluded the baby was illegitimate.31
Judith was absent when the baby was baptised. Otherwise, she might of set the record straight. Other historians speculate that another Jean Duhaime did live nearby and was in fact the father of the child.
Judith kept the family trading operation in business in spite of the burden of ten children at home. Business had begun to payoff for her, finally. According to the census of 1667, the household lived on a 30-acre farm, employed two servants and had five heads of cattle. It is surprising that she managed to stave off, under these circumstances, the legal suit of 1668.
This formidable women, at times wife, mother and fur trader, persevered and continued the trading businesses started with her two ex-husbands.
This is attested to by court documents of the jurisdiction of Cap-de- la-Madeleine where three times, between 1670 and 1671, reference is made to suits between her and local tradesmen. "
Beziers and the invasion by the Crusaders
of the North. The story of Raymond Roger.
Lorenzo Joseph Raymond
Drouin records of Quebec are the life blood of geneology research for French Canadians. These Drouin records documented all aspects of the colonists lives, such as birth, marriage, and death. The following are a collection I have gathered and pasted together to show the generations of Raymonds in Quebec.